Research Group — Zero-Dimensional Symmetry
Date | Time | Room | Speaker | Title |
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26.07.21 | 16.00 | Zoom | João Vitor Pinto e Silva | Infinite matrices |
To understand a theory, it is always good to work with objects that are easier to understand and work with. With that in mind, me and my supervisors developed a theory for infinite matrices indexed by posets over a ring. On the presentation I will talk about how to define these rings/groups, how to write these groups/rings as inverse limits of finite matrices rings, isomorphism problems and new simple totally disconnected groups that arise from the theory.
This work is a generalization of the work done by Peter Groenhout, Colin D. Reid and George A. Willis, see here. |
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19.07.21 | No seminar | |||
12.07.21 | 16.00 | Zoom | Sebastian Bischof | On the classification of twin buildings |
Twin buildings are generalizations of spherical buildings. A natural question is whether it is possible to classify twin buildings. Under mild conditions a local-to-global theorem says that a twin building is determined by its the local structure. Using this theorem one only has to find out which local structures can occur. In this talk I will discuss the current status of the classification and mention some contributions which I made in my PhD project.
Associated arXiv preprint: see here. |
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05.07.21 | Symmetry in Newcastle | |||
28.06.21 | 16.00 | SR218 / Zoom | George Willis | Non-locally transitive actions of vertex-transitive groups |
The talk will begin with remarks about group actions, generally not locally transitive, on a vertex-transitive graph X. We will then specialise to trees or, from another point of view, lift to the covering tree of X. It will be seen that a general vertex-transitive action may be written as a product of actions that are either locally transitive, as treated by Burger & Mozes, or belong to a complementary class of actions. We will consider whether this complementary class of actions is susceptible to an analysis similar to that of locally transitive actions. | ||||
21.06.21 | Symmetry in Newcastle | |||
14.06.21 | Public holiday | |||
07.06.21 | Symmetry in Newcastle | |||
31.05.21 | No seminar | |||
24.05.21 | Symmetry in Newcastle | |||
17.05.21 | 16.00 | Zoom | Michal Ferov | Automorphisms of Cayley graphs of Coxeter groups I - the case of (non)-discreteness |
In an ongoing project with Federico Berlai (University of Vienna) we study automorphism groups of Cayley graphs of Coxeter groups (with respect to the standard generating set). The first step is to identify the ones that are not discrete - we give a characterisation in terms of symmetries of the defining graph. I will sketch out the proof and discuss further directions for research - comments and suggestions will be welcome. | ||||
10.05.21 | Symmetry in Newcastle | |||
03.05.21 | No seminar | |||
26.04.21 | 16.00 | Zoom | Colin Reid | Decomposition of coset spaces in locally compact groups |
Phillip Wesolek and I showed a few years ago that every compactly generated locally compact group G admits a closed normal series with finitely many factors, such that each factor is compact, discrete or irreducible as a closed normal factor. It turns out this is a special case of a more general result: given a locally compact second-countable group G and a compactly generated closed subgroup H, there is a finite increasing sequence of closed subgroups going from H to G, such that each group is cocompact, open or maximal closed in the next one (i.e. any subgroup in between is dense in the next group). In the tdlc case a more precise statement can be made in terms of a given compact open subgroup U of G. I will be discussing some work I have done recently around this topic and some thoughts on the problem of understanding maximal closed subgroups of locally compact groups: there are some similarities with the analysis of primitive permutation groups, but also complications due to the possible existence of proper dense subgroups containing the maximal closed subgroup. | ||||
19.04.21 | 16.30 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
12.04.21 | 16.00 | Zoom | George Willis | Lattices and contraction groups |
29.01.21 | 10.00 | Zoom | Alejandra Garrido | Locally compact piecewise full groups - Episode I: General theory |
14.00 | Zoom | Dave Robertson | Locally compact piecewise full groups - Episode II: Attack of the capillary sets | |
15.30 | Zoom | Colin Reid | Locally compact piecewise full groups - Episode III: Revenge of the groups acting on trees | |
22.01.21 | 17.00 | Zoom | Federico Berlai | Cayley graphs of right-angled Coxeter groups |
It is known that automorphism groups of locally finite graphs admit a totally disconnected locally compact (tdlc) topology. In this talk I will present some recent results concerning automorphism groups of a particular class of locally finite graphs, that is of Cayley graphs of right-angled Coxeter groups. Joint work with Michal Ferov. |
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18.12.2020 | all week | Zoom | Bernoulli Center WinSum School | |
11.12.2020 | all week | Zoom | AustMS Meeting | |
23.11.2020 | 18.30 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
09.11.2020 | 20.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
05.11.2020 | 11.00 | Zoom | George Willis (at Texas A&M) | Scale Groups |
Scale groups are closed, vertex-transitive groups of automorphisms of a regular tree that fix an end of the tree. These concrete groups emerge from the structure theory of abstract totally disconnected, locally compact groups. There is also a very close correspondence between scale groups and closed self-replicating groups, which are groups of automorphisms of a rooted tree. The role of scale groups in the study of general totally disconnected, locally compact groups and their connection with self-replicating groups will be explained in the talk. | ||||
30.10.2020 | 17.00 | Zoom | Michal Ferov | The conjugacy depth function of wreath products of abelian groups |
Informally speaking, the conjugacy depth function of a conjugacy separable group measures how deep in the lattice of normal finite index subgroups one needs to go in order to find a finite quotient witnessing that two elements are not conjugate. The study of conjugacy depth functions is quite new and precise asymptotic bounds are only known for several classes of groups. We study the case when the group in question is a restricted wreath product of finitely generated abelian group. As a consequence we show that the conjugacy depth function for the lamplighter group is exponential. (Ongoing joint work with Mark Pengitore) | ||||
23.10.2020 | 12.15 | Zoom | Ben Brawn | On 1-balls in vertex-transitive graphs |
16.10.2020 | 10.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
09.10.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Brian Alspach | Recent Progress On Factor-Invariant Graphs |
A trivalent vertex-transitive graph X is F(1,2)-invariant if its edge set has a partition into a 2-factor and a 1-factor such that the full automorphism group of X preserves the partition. I shall discuss what we currently know about these graphs. This is joint work with Ted Dobson, Afsaneh Khodadadpour and Don Kreher. | ||||
02.10.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
25.09.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | George Willis | Flat groups of automorphisms |
18.09.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
11.09.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Stephan Tornier | Computational discrete algebra with GAP |
04.09.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
28.08.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | João Vitor Pinto e Silva | Elementary groups |
21.08.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
14.08.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Colin Reid | Pseudo-elementary groups |
07.08.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
31.07.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | George Willis | Totally disconnected, locally compact groups and the scale |
The scale is a positive, integer-valued function defined on any totally disconnected, locally compact (t.d.l.c.) group that reflects the structure of the group. Following a brief overview of the main directions of current research on t.d.l.c. groups, the talk will introduce the scale and describe aspects of group structure that it reveals. In particular, the notions of tidy subgroup, contraction subgroup and flat subgroup of a t.d.l.c. will be explained and illustrated with examples. | ||||
24.07.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Max Carter | Cartan decompositions of tdlc groups and two related properties |
I will talk about some recent work involving studying Cartan decompositions of tdlc groups. Two closely related properties, the contraction group property and the closed range property will be discussed, along with some applications concerning groups acting on trees. | ||||
17.07.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
10.07.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Michal Ferov | Graph automorphisms and colourings |
I would like to discuss some ideas I had regarding groups acting on graphs and edge colouring of the said graphs. I will not present any results, but I will point out some questions I have found along the way and I find interesting. Discussion with tips and suggestions will be appreciated. | ||||
03.07.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | No seminar | |
26.06.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
19.06.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | No seminar | |
12.06.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | George Willis | Scale groups |
05.06.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Symmetry in Newcastle | |
29.05.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Colin Reid | Abelian chief factors of locally compact groups |
22.05.2020 | 15.00 | Zoom | Stephan Tornier | On boundary-2-transitive groups acting on trees |
16.01.2020 | 11.00 | SR 202 | George Willis | Scale groups, self-similar groups and self-replicating groups |
04.11.2019 | 10.00 | V 108 | Max Carter | Project Presentation Rehearsal |
29.07.2019 | 11.00 | MC LG17 | George Willis | Computing in automorphism groups of trees |
20.05.2019 | 13.00 | W 243 | Ben Brawn | Automorphisms of forests of quasi-label-regular rooted trees |
We investigate when the automorphism group of a quasi-label-regular rooted tree (QLRRT) is trivial or non-trival. We determine when a QLRRT has a finite domain and use this to write its automorphism group as an iterated wreath product. When a QLRRT doesn't have a finite domain, sometimes we can still write its automorphism group as an iterated wreath product and other times we are unlucky and need some number of coupled self-referential equations to describe the group. | ||||
08.05.2019 | 10.00 | W 243 | Ben Brawn | Forests of quasi-label-regular rooted trees and their almost isomorphism classes |
We introduce almost isomorphisms of locally-finite graphs and in particular, trees. We introduce a type of infinite tree, dubbed label-regular, and consider trees that are label-regular except at a finite number of vertices, which we call quasi-label-regular trees. We show how to determine if two quasi-label-regular trees are almost isomorphic or not. We count the number of equivalence classes of quasi-label-regular trees under almost isomorphisms and find this number ranges from finite to infinite. When there are a finite number we show how to determine it and suggest a way to choose representatives for the equivalence classes. | ||||
27.03.2019 | 10.00 | W 243 | Yossi Bokor | What doughnuts tell us about data |
The old joke is that a topologist can't distinguish between a coffee cup and a doughnut. A recent variant of Homology, called Persistent Homology, can be used in data analysis to understand the shape of data. I will give an introduction to persistent Homology and describe two example applications of this tool. | ||||
05.02.2019 | 12.00 | MC G29 | Alastair Anderberg, Max Carter, Peter Groenhout William Roland-Batty, Chloe Wilkins |
Summer Projects Dress Rehearsal |
18.12.2018 | 14.00 | MC LG17 | Max Carter, Peter Groenhout | Summer Projects |
11.12.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | Davide Spriano | Convexity and generalization of hyperbolicity |
Almost by definition, the main tool and goal of Geometric Group Theory is to find and exploit correspondences between geometric and algebraic features of groups. Following this philosophy, I will focus on the question: what does it mean for a sub(space/group) to "sit nicely" inside a bigger (space/group)? Focusing on groups, for a subgroup H of a group G, possible answers for the above question are when the subgroup H is: quasi-isometrically embedded, undistorted, normal/malnormal, finitely generated, geometrically separated... Many of the above are equivalent when H is a quasiconvex subgroup of a hyperbolic group G, providing very successful correspondences between geometric and algebraic properties of subgroups. The goal of this talk is to review quasiconvexity in hyperbolic spaces and try to generalize several of those features in a broader setting, namely the class of hierarchically hyperbolic groups (HHG). This is a joint work with Hung C. Tran and Jacob Russell. |
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04.12.2018 | all week | Adelaide | AustMS Meeting | |
27.11.2018 | 14.00 | MC LG17 | Alejandra Garrido | Hausdorff dimension and normal subgroups of free-like pro-$p$ groups |
Hausdorff dimension has become a standard tool to measure the "size" of fractals in real space. However, it can be defined on any metric space and therefore can be used to measure the "size" of subgroups of, say, pro-$p$ groups (with respect to a chosen metric). This line of investigation was started 20 years ago by Barnea and Shalev, who showed that $p$-adic analytic groups do not have any "fractal" subgroups, and asked whether this characterises them among finitely generated pro-$p$ groups. I will explain what all of this means and report on joint work with Oihana Garaialde and Benjamin Klopsch in which, while trying to solve this problem, we ended up showing an analogue of a theorem of Schreier in the context of pro-$p$ groups of positive rank gradient: any finitely generated infinite normal subgroup of a pro-$p$ group of positive rank gradient is of finite index. I will also explain what "positive rank gradient" means, and why pro-$p$ groups with such a property are "free-like". |
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20.11.2018 | 14.00 | MC 110 | Thibaut Dumont | Cocycles on trees and piecewise translation action on locally compact groups |
In the first part of this seminar, I will present some geometric cocycles associated to trees and ways to compute their norms. Similar construction exists for Euclidean buildings but no satisfactory estimates of the norm is currently known. In the second part, I will discuss some ongoing research with Thibaut Pillon on actions the infinite cyclic group by piecewise translations on locally compact group. Piecewise translation actions have been well studied for finitely generated groups, e.g. by Whyte, and provide positive answers to the von-Neumann-Day problem or the Burnside problem. The generalization to LC-groups was introduced by Schneider. The topic seems to have interesting implications for tdlc-groups. | ||||
13.11.2018 | all day | X 602 | EViMS Workshop | |
12.11.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | Anne Thomas | Divergence in right-angled Coxeter groups |
The divergence of a pair of geodesics in a metric space measures how fast they spread apart. For example, in Euclidean space all pairs of geodesics diverge linearly, while in hyperbolic space all pairs of geodesics diverge exponentially. In the 1980s Gromov proved that in symmetric spaces of non-compact type, the only possible divergence rates are linear or exponential, and he asked whether the same dichotomy holds in CAT(0) spaces. Soon afterwards, Gersten used these ideas to define a quasi-isometry invariant, also called divergence, which measures the "worst" rate of divergence. Gersten and others have since found many examples of finitely generated groups with quadratic divergence. We study divergence in right-angled Coxeter groups with triangle-free defining graphs. Using the structure of certain flats in the associated Davis complex, which is a CAT(0) square complex, we characterise such groups with linear and quadratic divergence, and construct examples of right-angled Coxeter groups with divergence polynomial of arbitrary degree. This is joint work with Pallavi Dani (Louisiana State University). | ||||
06.11.2018 | all day | U Sydney | Group Actions Seminar held at the University of Sydney | |
30.10.2018 | 14.00 | MC LG17 | Reading Group | |
23.10.2018 | all day | U Sydney | Group Actions Seminar held at the University of Sydney | |
16.10.2018 | 14.00 | MC LG17 | Alejandra Garrido | Maximal subgroups of some groups of intermediate growth |
Given a group one of the most natural things one can study about it is its subgroup lattice, and the maximal subgroups take a prominent role. If the group is infinite, one can ask whether all maximal subgroups have finite index or whether there are some (and how many) of infinite index. After telling some historical developments on this question, I will motivate the study of maximal subgroups of groups of intermediate growth and report on joint work with Dominik Francoeur where we give a complete description of all maximal subgroups of some "siblings" of Grigorchuk's group. | ||||
09.10.2018 | 14.00 | MC LG17 | Dave Robertson | Algebraic theory of self-similar groups |
I will describe the relationship between self-similar groups, permutational bimodules and virtual group endomorphisms. Based on chapter 2 of Nekrashevych’s book. | ||||
02.10.2018 | 14.00 | MC LG17 | Alex Bishop | The Group Co-Word Problem |
In this talk, we will introduce a class of tree automorphism groups known as bounded automata. From this definition, we will see that many of the interesting examples of self-similar groups in the literature are members of this class. A problem in group theory is classifying groups based on the difficulty of solving their co-word problems, that is, classifying them by the computational difficulty to decide if a word is not equivalent to the identity. Some well-known results in this study are that a group has a co-word problem given by a regular language if and only if it is finite, a deterministic context-free language if and only if it is virtually free, and a deterministic one-counter machine if and only if it is virtually cyclic. Each of these language classes corresponds to a natural and well-studied model of computation. We will show that the class of bounded automata groups has a co-word problem given by an ET0L language – a class of formal language which has recently gained popularity in areas of group theory. This strengthens a recent result of Holt and Röver (who showed this result for a less restrictive class of language) and extends a result of Ciobanu-Elder-Ferov (who proved this result for the first Grigorchuk group). |
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25.09.2018 | 14.00 | MC LG17 | Timothy Bywaters | Spaces at infinity for hyperbolic totally disconnected locally compact groups |
Every compactly generated t.d.l.c. group acts vertex transitively on a locally finite graph with compact open vertex stabilisers. Such a graph is called a rough Cayley graph and, up to quasi-isometry, is an invariant for the group. This allows us to define Gromov hyperbolic t.d.l.c. groups and their Gromov boundary in a way analogous to the finitely generated case. The space of directions of a t.d.l.c. group is a metric space 'at infinity' obtained by analysing the action of the group on the set of compact open subgroups. It is particularly useful for detecting flat subgroups, think subgroups that look like $\mathbb{Z}^n$. In my talk, I will introduce these two concepts of boundary and give some new results which relate them. Time permitting, I may also give details about the proofs. |
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10.09.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | Colin Reid | Endomorphisms of profinite groups |
Given a profinite group $G$, we can consider the semigroup $\mathrm{End}(G)$ of continuous homomorphisms from $G$ to itself. In general $\lambda \in\mathrm{End}(G)$ can be injective but not surjective, or vice versa: consider for instance the case when $G$ is the group $F_p[[t]$ of formal power series over a finite field, $n$ is an integer, and $\lambda_n$ is the continuous endomorphism that sends $t^k$ to $t^{k+n}$ if $k+n \ge 0$ and $0$ otherwise. However, when $G$ has only finitely many open subgroups of each index (for instance, if $G$ is finitely generated), the structure of endomorphisms is much more restricted: given $\lambda \in\mathrm{End}(G)$, then $G$ can be written as a semidirect product $N \rtimes H$ of closed subgroups, where $\lambda$ acts as an automorphism on $H$ and a contracting endomorphism on $N$. When $\lambda$ is open and injective, the structure of $N$ can be restricted further using results of Glöckner and Willis (including the very recent progress that George told us about a few weeks ago). This puts some restrictions on the profinite groups that can appear as a '$V_+$' group for an automorphism of a t.d.l.c. group. | ||||
03.09.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | Stephan Tornier | An introduction to self-similar groups |
We introduce the notion of self-similarity for groups acting on regular rooted trees as well as their description using automata and wreath iteration. Following the definition of Grigorchuk's group we show that it is an infinite, finitely generated $2$-group. The proof illustrates the use of self-similarity. | ||||
27.08.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | George Willis | The tree representation theorem and automorphism groups of rooted trees |
(joint work with R. Grigorchuk ad D. Horadam) The tree representation theorem represents a certain group associated with the scale of an automorphism of a t.d.l.c. group as acting by symmetries of a regular (unrooted) tree. It shows that groups acting on regular trees are a fundamental part of the theory of t.d.l.c. groups. There is also an extensive theory of self-similar and self-replicating groups of symmetries of rooted trees which has developed from the discovery (or creation) of examples such as the Grigorchuk groups. It will be seen in this talk that these two branches of research are studying essentially the same groups. |
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20.08.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | George Willis | Locally pro-p contraction groups are nilpotent |
A contraction group is a pair $(G,\alpha)$ in which $G$ is a locally compact group and $\alpha$ is an automorphism of $G$ such that $\alpha^n(x)\to 1$ as $n\to\infty$. In joint work with H. Glöckner, it is shown that every contraction group is the direct sum of closed subgroups $$G = D\oplus T$$ with $D$ divisible, i.e. for every $x\in D$ and $n>0$ there is $y\in D$ with $y^n =x$ and $T$ torsion, i.e. there is $n>0$ such that $x^n = 1$ for every $x\in T$. Furthermore, $D$ is the direct sum $$D = \bigoplus_{i=1}^k D_{p_i}$$ of $p_i$-adic analytic nilpotent contraction groups for some prime numbers $p_1,\ldots, p_k$. The torsion subgroup $T$ may also be written as a composition series of simple contraction groups. In the case when all the composition factors are of the form $\mathbb{F}_p(\!(t)\!), \alpha$ with $\alpha$ being the automorphism of multiplication by $p$, it follows easily that $G$ is a solvable group. These ideas will be explained in the talk and a sketch will be presented of a proof that $G$ is in fact nilpotent in this case. | ||||
13.08.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | Michal Ferov | Separating cyclic subgroups in graph products of groups |
(joint work with Federico Berlai) A natural way to study infinite groups is via looking at their finite quotients. A subset S of a group G is then said to be (finitely) separable in G if we can recognise it in some finite quotient of G, meaning that for every g outside of S there is a finite quotient of G such that the image of g under the canonical projection does not belong to the image of S. We can then describe classes of groups by specifying which types of subsets do we require to be separable: residually finite groups have separable singletons, conjugacy separable groups have separable conjugacy classes of elements, cyclic subgroup separable groups have separable cyclic subgroups and so on... We could also restrict our attention only to some class of quotients, such as finite p-groups, solvable, alternating... Properties of this type are called separability properties. In case when the class of admissible quotients has reasonable closure properties we can use topological methods. We prove that the property of being cyclic subgroup separable, that is having all cyclic subgroups closed in the profinite topology, is preserved under forming graph products. Furthermore, we develop the tools to study the analogous question in the pro-p case. For a wide class of groups we show that the relevant cyclic subgroups - which are called p-isolated - are closed in the pro-p topology of the graph product. In particular, we show that every p-isolated cyclic subgroup of a right-angled Artin group is closed in the pro-p topology and, consequently, we show that maximal cyclic subgroups of a right-angled Artin group are p-separable for every p. |
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06.08.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | Stephan Tornier | Totally disconnected, locally compact groups from transcendental field extensions |
(joint work with Timothy Bywaters) Let E over K be field extension. Then the group of automorphisms of E which pointwise fix K is totally disconnected Hausdorff when equipped with the permutation topology. We study examples, aiming to establish criteria for this group to be locally compact, non-discrete and compactly generated. | ||||
30.07.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | Ben Brawn | Voltage and derived graphs and their relation to the free product of graphs |
We look at a classical construction known as ordinary voltage graphs and their derived graphs. We show how to construct the free product of graphs as the derived graph of a voltage graph whose base graph is the Cartesian product of the given graphs with a specific voltage assignment. We find that the voltage group is always a free group and give the number of generators needed. | ||||
23.07.2018 | 14.00 | MC G29 | Colin Reid | A lemma for group actions on zero-dimensional spaces |
I present a lemma concerning a group action on a locally compact zero-dimensional spaces, where the group has a 'small' (compact, say) generating set, relating invariant compact sets with orbit closures. A typical example to have in mind is a compactly generated tdlc group acting on itself by conjugation, where we use conditions on closures of conjugacy classes to deduce the existence of compact normal subgroups. The idea of the lemma has appeared several times in the literature but does not appear to have been given explicitly in this form. I will discuss various applications depending on time. | ||||
12.06.2018 | 14.00 | V 206 | Dave Robertson | Topological full groups - Part II |
For an action of a group G on the Cantor set, we can construct a group of transformations of the Cantor set that are constructed 'piecewise' from elements of G. This is called the topological full group of G. Examples include the topological full groups associated to a minimal homeomorphism of the Cantor set considered by Giordano, Putnam and Skau, and Neretin's group of spheromorphisms. I will describe the construction using groupoids, and show how certain examples admit a totally disconnected locally compact topology. This is based on work in progress with Alejandra Garrido and Colin Reid.\ | ||||
06.06.2018 | 14.00 | V 206 | George Willis | Free products of graphs - Part II |
05.06.2018 | 14.00 | V 206 | Dave Robertson | Topological full groups - Part I |
For an action of a group G on the Cantor set, we can construct a group of transformations of the Cantor set that are constructed 'piecewise' from elements of G. This is called the topological full group of G. Examples include the topological full groups associated to a minimal homeomorphism of the Cantor set considered by Giordano, Putnam and Skau, and Neretin's group of spheromorphisms. I will describe the construction using groupoids, and show how certain examples admit a totally disconnected locally compact topology. This is based on work in progress with Alejandra Garrido and Colin Reid. | ||||
30.05.2018 | 14.00 | V 206 | George Willis | Free products of graphs - Part I |
29.05.2018 | 14.00 | V 206 | Michal Ferov | Profinite words and inverse limits of finite state automata |
In the case of finitely generated discrete groups, the problem of deciding whether a product of a sequence of generators and their inverses represents the trivial element is known as the word problem. Somewhat surprisingly, the complexity of word problem is tightly connected to the structure and geometry of the group: a classical result of Anisimov states that a group has word problem decidable by finite-state automaton if and only if the group is finite; similarly, result of Muller and Shupp states that a group has word problem is decidable by push-down automaton if and only if the group is virtually-free. In my talk, I will define inverse limits of finite-state automata and discuss how it might be useful for studying totally-disconnected locally-compact groups. | ||||
22.05.2018 | 14.00 | V 206 | Thomas Murray | On automorphism groups of regular rooted groups |
Starting with the automorphism group of a regular, locally finite tree the tree representation theorem leads us to groups acting on a regular, rooted tree. Furthermore these groups satisfy a property called R and are profinite. As a result, the study of these groups may be reduced to those that act on a finite depth regular rooted tree with corresponding finite version of property R. We introduce the idea of studying such groups with geometric objects in order to study trees of higher valency and investigate conjectures made for the binary rooted tree. | ||||
15.05.2018 | 14.00 | LSTH 100 | George Willis | School Seminar — Zero-Dimensional Symmetry |
The pleasure and utility of observing symmetry in nature may be found in the mathematics of symmetry, which is known as group theory. Zero-dimensional symmetry is the symmetry of networks and relationships, such as a family tree. In contrast, physical objects, such as a sphere, have positive-dimensional symmetry. While positive-dimensional symmetry has been well understood for more than a century (and is applied in physics) it is only in the last 25 years that our understanding of zero-dimensional symmetry has begun to catch up. Even though great progress is being made, we still aren’t sure how close we are to having the full picture. | ||||
08.05.2018 | 14.00 | V 206 | Thomas Taylor | Automorphisms of Cayley graphs for right-angled Artin groups |
01.05.2018 | 14.00 | V 126 | George Willis | Project — Zero-Dimesional Symmetry |
The project on 0-dimensional symmetry, that is, totally disconnected locally compact groups, is organised around four themes, namely, ‘Structure theory’, ‘Geometries’, ‘Local structure and commensurators’ and ‘Representations and computation’. These themes relate to the scale function on a t.d.l.c. group as follows. The scale itself is defined directly in terms of commensuration and the tidying procedure enables computation of the scale. Tidy subgroups can also be characterised geometrically, and the scale behaves naturally under structural decompositions of groups. | ||||
24.04.2018 | 14.00 | V 205 | Ben Brawn | On quasi-label-regular trees and their classification |
We introduce almost isomorphisms of locally-finite infinite graphs and in particular trees. We introduce a type of infinite tree, dubbed label-regular, and consider trees that are label-regular except at a finite number of vertices, which we call quasi-label-regular trees. We show how to determine if two quasi-label-regular trees are almost isomorphic or not. We count the number of equivalence classes of quasi-label-regular trees under almost isomorphisms and find this number ranges from finite to infinite. | ||||
17.04.2018 | 14.00 | V 205 | Stephan Tornier | Groups acting on trees with non-trivial quasi-center |
We highlight the role of the quasi-center of a t.d.l.c. group in Burger-Mozes theory and present new results concerning the types of automorphisms that the quasi-center of a non-discrete subgroup of the automorphism group of a regular tree may contain in terms of its local action. A theorem which shows that said result is sharp is also presented. We include a proof of the fact that a non-discrete, locally transitive subgroup of the automorphism group of a regular tree does not contain a quasi-central involution. | ||||
10.04.2018 | 14.00 | V 205 | Stephan Tornier | An introduction to Burger-Mozes theory |
We recall the types of automorphisms of trees and introduce the notion of local action. After an excursion into permutation group theory, specifically the notions of transitivity, semiprimitivity, quasiprimitivity, primitivity and 2-transitivity, we give an introduction to Burger-Mozes theory of closed, non-discrete subgroups of the automorphism group of a (regular) tree which are locally quasiprimitive. | ||||
05.04.2018 | 14.00 | V 205 | Colin Reid | Totally disconnected, locally compact groups |
I give an overview of totally disconnected, locally compact (t.d.l.c.) groups: what they are and in what contexts they arise. In particular, t.d.l.c. groups encompass many classes of automorphism groups of structures, and also occur as completions of groups that have commensurated subgroups. I then discuss some techniques and approaches for studying them, particularly with an eye to general structural questions, and the recent progress that has been made. |
Contact us at contact[at]zerodimensional[.]group